ICEs versus EVs

Difference Between ICEs And EVs

Internal combustion engine (ICE) cars have been dominating the automotive market for many years, yet, now we are witnessing a significant shift with the rise of electric vehicles(EVs). In this article, we are going to explore and compare the differences of both to understand the transition towards a greener future. 

Performance and Efficiency:

  • IC Engine Cars: Internal combustion engines have an efficiency of only around 40%, with 60% lost via heat and friction so they consume far more energy traveling the same distance as an EV. EVs also consume less energy in stop-and-start traffic. As a result, ICEs consume far more energy traveling the same distance as an EV. However, their efficiency and fuel economy can vary depending on factors such as engine size, driving conditions, and fuel quality.
  • Electric Vehicles: EVs are gaining traction due to their impressive performance and efficiency. Electric motors deliver instant torque, providing exhilarating acceleration. They also offer smoother and quieter operation compared to ICE cars. While range anxiety remains a concern, advancements in battery technology and expanding charging networks are mitigating these limitations.

Environmental Impact:

  • IC Engine Cars: Internal combustion engines emit greenhouse gases and contribute to air pollution through the combustion of fossil fuels. This has significant environmental consequences, including climate change and health risks associated with exhaust emissions.
  • Electric Vehicles: EVs can have a large impact on this issue by using zero-emissions technology, reducing air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. However, the environmental impact depends on the source of electricity used for charging. Utilizing renewable energy sources for EV charging can further enhance their environmental benefits.

Cost and Maintenance:

  • IC Engine Cars: Initial purchase costs of ICE cars tend to be lower compared to EVs. However, since they have more moving parts and engine oil changes, operating costs can be higher due to the dependency on fossil fuels, rising fuel prices, and the need for regular maintenance, including oil changes, tune-ups, and part replacements.
  • Electric Vehicles: Generally EVs have higher upfront costs due to the expensive battery technology, you may also have to install an AC EV charger used at home for more of your convenience. However, EVs require minimal maintenance, with no oil changes or complex engine components to worry about, leading to potential long-term cost savings. Yet, routine maintenance tasks such as tire rotations, brake inspections, and battery health checks are still necessary for optimal performance.
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Cold climate reliability:

  • IC Engine Cars: ICE vehicles heat their cabins with waste heat generated from the engine’s moving parts, which means you’ll need to idle the engine to stay warm – burning fuel.
  • Electric Vehicles: EV batteries don’t need to run the engine if you are stranded. Just the heat, so the car battery uses less than a couple of kilowatt-hours (kWh) of battery power each hour to keep you toasty – and that can last a long, long time.

Charging Infrastructure and Time:

IC Engine Cars: Gasoline stations are widespread and readily available that are convenient for refueling. The infrastructure is well-established, allowing for long-distance travel without significant planning. And you can fill the tanks in a few minutes.

Electric Vehicles: EV charging infrastructure now is growing rapidly, with an increasing number of public charging stations and home charging options. However, the charging network is not as extensive as traditional gasoline stations, And you have to wait in the charging stations for topping up the power and you may have to wait for an available charging station if it is busy there. This takes much longer time than filling the tank. So long-distance travel may require careful route planning and consideration of charging station availability. 

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Charging Costs:

  • IC Engine Cars: When you fuel your ICE vehicle, as long as you know how many gallons you’re purchasing and the price per gallon, then you will know how much you are going to pay for the fuel costs. That price per gallon doesn’t change regardless of how many gallons you buy, or the speed of the pump.
  • Electric Vehicles: The price for electricity is determined by the public utility and varies by geography, time of day, and whether you are charging at home (which is true of most EVs) or at a public charger (which almost certainly costs more). Some public stations charge by the minute rather than by the amount of electricity consumed, leading to unpredictable pricing. Others have multiple subscription plans or charge different rates at different times of day. Also, are you using a Level 1, Level 2, or Level 3 fast charger? That also makes a difference in both costs and speed.

And if you would like to know the difference between Level 1, Level 2, or Level 3 fast charger? please click here to find more information.

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